Myofascial pain syndrome – Symptoms and Causes
By Dr. CHEN,ER-JUN
Myofacial pain syndrome, MPS is a chronic pain disorder. Most people experience muscle pain at some time that typically resolves on its own after a few weeks. But for some people, muscle pain persists.
Common symptoms include: deep, aching pain in some part of muscles, pain that gets worse when the affected muscle is stretched or strained, pain that persists or worsens, presence a tender knot in muscles, mood or sleep disturbances, etc.
Causes and risk factors include: muscle injury, stress and anxiety, poor posture, sitting in awkward positions, serious lack of exercise or movement, nutritional deficiencies and so on.
Myofascial pain syndrome requires a multipronged treatment plan. Many people combine medications with other therapies that relieve muscle stiffness and pain. Medications used for myofascial pain syndrome include: pain relievers, antidepressants, sedatives. Medication use needs doctor’s prescriptions and to be dispensed by professional pharmacist. People may use physical therapy to relieve myofascial pain syndrome. Stretching, posture training, massage, heat and ultrasound are common methods to ease the muscle pain.
For more information and details about MPS and treatments, please contact the department of physical medicine.